Suggested kit for black and white photography
Dramatic black and white images are often high in contrast. This makes it important for a camera to have good dynamic range, so that it can retain detail in both bright highlights and dark shadows. For any megapixel count, a full-frame camera will typically deliver better dynamic range than an APS-C model, so cameras such as the Canon EOS RP, EOS R6 and EOS 6D Mark II work especially well. Even so, crop-sensor cameras such as the Canon EOS M50 Mark II and PowerShot G7 X Mark III can deliver superb black and white photos, despite having physically smaller image sensors.
All of these cameras can capture images in RAW quality mode, with a 14-bit colour depth. This enables a much greater dynamic range than 8-bit JPEG mode, enabling far greater latitude in altering brightness and pushing contrast when editing images in a program such as DPP.
The Monochrome Picture Style featured in all of these cameras comes with additional benefits in that you can apply digital filters at the shooting stage, such as yellow, orange, green or red, for progressively enhancing the contrast and drama of cloudy blue skies. Toning effects are also available, like Sepia for creating an antique look. An advantage of mirrorless cameras is that you can preview filter and toning effects directly in the viewfinder while shooting. A preview is also available on the rear screen of a DSLR if you shoot in Live View mode.
An advantage of any EOS mirrorless or DSLR system camera is that you can mount the ideal lens for any given shooting scenario. Zoom lenses such as the Canon RF 24-105mm F4-7.1 IS STM and RF 24-105mm F4L IS USM give you the freedom to shoot with a wide variety of focal lengths without swapping between lenses. However, 'faster' prime lenses such as the Canon RF 35mm F1.8 MACRO IS STM, RF 50mm F1.8 STM and RF 85mm F2 MACRO IS STM enable faster shutter speeds in low light, so you can freeze movement without needing to increase the ISO setting as much, which is good for black and white photography in that it keeps image noise to minimum. You can also get a shallower depth of field for isolating the main subject in a scene and reducing the distraction of a cluttered background.
Strong black and white images often contain very fine detail and rich texture. To help retain this in handheld shooting, effective image stabilisation can be a key advantage. All of Canon's 'IS' lenses listed above feature optical image stabilisation, whereas the two Macro IS lenses have a 'hybrid' Image Stabilizer that retains greater effectiveness when shooting close-ups. The Canon EOS R6 has 5-axis IBIS (In-camera Image Stabilizer) which delivers up to 8-stops of stabilisation when used with a compatible lens. The EOS R6 also helps to really nail sharpness in even the trickiest shots, with its next-generation autofocus system.